Solute clustering

G-phase strengthened iron alloys by design

Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were used to model G-phase precipitates of formula X6M16Si7 where X is Cr, Hf, Mn, Mo, Nb, Ta, Ti, V, W and Zr and M is either Fe or Ni. It was found that the occupancy of the d-orbital is correlated to …

The formation and structure of Fe-Mn-Ni-Si solute clusters and G-phase precipitates in steels

Solute clustering and G-phase precipitation cause hardening phenomena observed in some low alloy and stainless steels, respectively. Density functional theory was used to investigate the energetic driving force for the formation of these …